Hero or bayani (2)
BASED on what I wrote recently, we learned that the term hero when applied to a modern man is an individualist (a very occidental trait) while a bayani is more of a communal person (a very oriental characteristic).
Thus a hero’s work, due to his being an individualist, is limited only to a selected few while that of a bayani is for all to see.
For example Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo, Dr. Jose Rizal’s most famous works, are written in Spanish hence only a very few educated patriots then were able to read and understand it.
Even now I could safely bet that only a handful were able to read the novels in their original form.
On the other hand, Andres Bonifacio’s Ang Dapat Mabatid ng mga Tagalog or his Pag-Ibig sa Tinubuang Lupa were written in Tagalog hence it was read even by common folks.
We can still read this work in their original state hence we could know more of Bonifacio than of Rizal.
Remember, a written work to be fully understood, should always be read in the original and not just the translated version.
A hero works alone (a typical trait of those who were taught western values or have traveled abroad) while a bayani works with the people.
Rizal, as we all know, works or travels alone.
Even the characters of his famous novels, Elias and Simon, are alone in their actions.
Bonifacio, meanwhile, is a man of the people.
He is a theater actor who performed moro-moro in the densely populated district of Tondo.
His Kagalang-galangan Kataas-taasang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan (KKK) is people oriented and mostly attracted common folks.
A hero can work for free but a bayani always work for free.
Rizal definitely earned some money from the publication of his novels while Bonifacio’s works were never commercially printed. In fact most were memorized and verbally transmitted.
Finally, let us examine Rizal’s monument in Rizal Park and Bonifacio’s in Caloocan.
The monument of Rizal, who is in an overcoat (a western attire), was sculpted by a foreigner, Richard Kissling, under the auspices of a foreign power and is located in a park while Bonifacio, who is in Barong Tagalog, was made by a national artist, Guillermo Tolentino, and erected in a busy commercial area.
Rizal is standing alone in his monument (several persons were on his back) while Bonifacio is surrounded all over by the people.
Rizal, a hero or a bayani?
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