SWS: 8% of youth ages 13-17 years old smokes in PHL

OUT of 1,200 respondents, around 8 percent of the youth ages 13 to 17 years old are smoking, mostly male, with an average of 10 sticks of cigarette per day, according to the latest survey of the Social Weather Station (SWS) released by Sen. Pia Cayetano on Thursday.

The survey culled from August 24-27, 2012 entitled Usage and Attitude of Filipino Youth Towards Tobacco, a presentation material for health justice, said that the sample size has 1,200 respondents divided into four study areas, the National Capital Region, Balance Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao.

Based on the survey, most the youth smokers came from the National Capital Region, Luzon and Mindanao with 8%; while Visayas has 7%. The survey also learned that there are 4% previous smokers among the respondents, while 88% percent are non-smokers.

According to the survey, the total number of respondent who said they smoke is male (15%) and female (1%). From which, 2% are 13  and 14 years old; 8% are 15 years old; 13% are 16 years old, and 19% are 17 years old.

For previous smokers of 4%, 3% are 13 to 14 years old, 5% are 15 to 126 years old, and 7% are 17 years old, of which 7% are male and 2% are female. While from 88% of non-smoker, 96% are 13 to 14 years old;  86% are 15 years old; 83% are 16 years old; and 74% are 17 years old, of which 79% are male and 97% are female

The survey also learned that the 11% of the total numbers of youth smokers has no education or some are elementary graduates, 6% are high school graduates and 9% are vocational graduate or has some college units.

For previous smokers of 4%, around 7% are non-graduate or some are elementary graduates; 3% are high school graduates and 4% are vocational graduate or has some college units.

The 88% of non-smokers are 84% elementary graduate; 90% highschool graduates, and 86% vocational or with some college units.

The survey also compared the data on the proportion of smokers and non-smokers and average daily cigarette consumption in 1993, 2007, 2008, 2009 and 2012 which resulted to an slight increase in the number of smokers in 2012 to 28% compared from 27% of December 2009 survey. In September 2008, 29%; September 2007, 27% and 32% in April 1993.

Significantly, the number of the respondent who quit smoking from 1993 to 2012, have reduced from 22% in 1993 to 15% in 2007 to 15% in 2008 to 16% in 2009, and 13% in 2012.

But, the number of respondents who never smoked increased to 59% in 2012 compared to 46% in 1993; 58% in 2007; 57% for 2008 and 2009.

The average sticks of cigarettes consumed per day are 10 to 11 during the period, the survey said.

The questions used in the survey are: Kayo po ba ay naninigarilyo sa kasalukuyan, hindi naninigarilyo kailanman, dating naninigarilyo pero tumigil na.

About 12% of survey was conducted in NCR, 42% in Luzon, 20% in Visayas and 26% in Mindanao. Of which, 55% are urban areas and 45% are rural areas.

The respondents comprised of 50% male and 50% female, of which 24% are 13 years old; 14 years old (22%), 15 years old (21%), 16 years old (16%) and 17 years old (17%).

On Economic class, 9% comprised the ABC class, 73% in Class D, while the remaining 22% came from Class E.

Some of the respondents are higschool graduates with 60%; none/some elementary, 13% elementary graduates; 12% none/some elementary; only 210% completed highschool while 5% has some vocational graduate and some college units.

Most of the respondents are Roman Catholics, 79%; Islam, 4%; Iglesia ni Cristo, 3%; Born Again Christian, 2%, Baptist, 2%; Seventh Day Adventist, 2% and 8% for other religions.

Also Multi-stage probability sampling was used in the selection of sample spots with an overall error of margin of plus and minus 3%.

The definitive language version of the questionnaire, Tagalog, was translated into English, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Iloko, Bikol, Waray and Maranao by language experts. Then the language translation underwent cognitive pretest to make sure that the messages were conveyed accurately, SWS said.

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