Health risks of obesity

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ASIDE from low self-esteem and social anxiety, it has been verified that obese people are exposed to an extensive range of health problems.

In the past years, the World Health Organization (WHO) supported epidemiological studies (deals with the spread and control of diseases) indicating that obesity may lead people to various types of cancer. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) was able to organize a team which analyzed the connection of excess body fat to several types of cancer including liver, ovarian, endometrial, breast, colon, and thyroid cancer.

It was also noted that obesity could cause chronic inflammation in the body and could disturb the normal production of hormones like insulin, testosterone, and estrogen. Other than numerous cancer types, overweight individuals are vulnerable to the following health risks:

METABOLISM AND INTERNAL SECRETIONS

According to the International Diabetes Federation, nearly 200-million people worldwide are affected by diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is commonly associated with morbidly obese people since excess body fat is among its prime causes.

High total cholesterol or high levels of triglycerides (major component of animal and vegetable fats) also contribute to the risk of circulatory diseases by speeding up the formation of fats in the linings of the arteries.

REPRODUCTIVE AND UROLOGICAL PROBLEMS

Higher risk of erectile dysfunction can also affect obese men. As they face risks of menstrual irregularities, ovarian syndrome, and infertility, obese women are prone to stress and inconsistency. During and after pregnancy, maternal obesity is also risky for the mother and her child.

BONES AND MUSCLES

Morbidly obese people can experience a sudden increase of low back pain that may strain their joints, especially in their knees, with risk of osteoarthritis or degeneration of cartilage and underlying of bones within joints.

HEART DISEASES

As body mass index (BMI) increases unhealthily, the threat of coronary heart diseases and stroke may rise or affect factorial risks of hypertension (high blood pressure) and other conditions such as renal failure. Obstruction of the vessels and lungs may also follow.

RESPIRATORY, LIVER AND GASTROINTESTINAL DISEASES

Overweight people are at risk of interruptions of breathing while asleep (sleep apnoea) and other respiratory problems such as asthma. Excess body fat may also cause its accumulation in cells inside the liver. If left untreated, it may trigger severe forms such as non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), fibrosis and cirrhosis.

Obesity is also associated with increased risk of gastro-oesophageal reflux and formation of gall stones. ELSHAMAE ROBLES

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