Bayan Muna naghain ng panukala vs premature campaigning

Bayan Muna naghain ng panukala vs premature campaigning

December 14, 2021 @ 3:54 PM 10 months ago


MANILA, Philippines- Naghain ang Bayan Muna ng panukala na naglalayon na tukuyin ang period of candidacy at ipagbawal ang premature campaigning.

Binuo ang House Bill No. 10616 nina Bayan Muna party-list Representatives Carlos Isagani Zarate, Eufemia Cullamat at Ferdinand Gaite.

Ipinaliwanag ng mga mambabatas na nais lamang nilang itama ang malabong bahagi sa ilalim ng Automated Election System Law. 

“Since 2009, moneyed candidates have been able to launch their electoral campaign without violating the law, even before the start of the campaign period. This practice was brought about by the promulgation of Penera v. COMELEC,“ ayon sa explanatory note ng mga mambabatas.

Binanggit ng grupo ang Section 80 ng Omnibus Election Code (OEC), na nagsasabing “it is unlawful for any person, whether or not a voter or candidate, or for any party, or association of persons, to engage in an election campaign or partisan political activity except during the campaign period.“ 

“However, Sec. 13 of RA 9369, as amended, qualified the foregoing OEC provision on unlawful campaigning, to wit: any person who files his certificate of candidacy within this period shall only be considered as a candidate at the start of the campaign period for which he filed his certificate of candidacy: Provided that unlawful acts or omissions applicable to a candidate shall effect only upon that start of the aforesaid campaign period,” patuloy ng mga mambabatas.

Nilinaw nila na tinatanggalan nito ng halaga ang Section 80 ng OEC nang alisin ang “candidates” mula sa saklaw nito. Ito ang dahilan kung bakit ang “premature campaigning” ay hindi na itinuturing na labag sa batas.

Para sa kanila, malinaw na nakasaad sa Section 80 ang premature campaigning, subalit base kay Associate Justice Roberto Abad, kailangan pa itong ipaliwanag nang mabuti batay sa kanyang dissenting opinion sa ruling: “(N)o one is exempt from the ban. The mention of the word “candidate” in the first grouping, i.e., “any person, whether or not a voter or candidate,” merely stresses the point that even those with direct interest in a political campaign are not exempt from the ban. Consequently, even if Penera had not yet filed her certificate of candidacy, Section 80 covered her because she fell in the category of ‘any person.'”

Iginiit naman ng mga mambabatas na sinabi ng Supreme Court na ini-apply lamang nila ang batas.

“This bill seeks to equalize the playing field among candidates by removing the confusion brought about by the provision in the Automated Election System Law that determines when a person becomes a candidate. This also brings back the effectivity of Sec. 80 of the OEC, and not only disqualifies candidates for premature campaigning (Sec. 68 of the OEC) but also criminalizes the same,” pahayag nila.

Ipinaglaban ng mga mambabatas ang panukala, “Undoubtedly, early election campaigning has already started.” RNT/SA