Pagkampi ng US sa Pinas vs armed attack sa SCS muling pinagtibay ng Biden admin

Pagkampi ng US sa Pinas vs armed attack sa SCS muling pinagtibay ng Biden admin

July 12, 2022 @ 2:00 PM 1 month ago


MANILA, Philippines- Muling pinagtibay ng Biden administration ang commitment nito na ipagtanggol ang Pilipinas laban sa anumang armed attack sa South China Sea.

Bukod pa sa muli ring binasura nito ang massive claim ng China sa  resource-rich waters.

Sa pagdiriwang ng bansa sa ika-6 na taong anibersaryo ng international arbitral ruling na pumabor sa Pilipinas at pinawalang-saysay ang pag-angkin ng China, tinawagan ng pansin  ni  Secretary of State Antony Blinken ang China na itigil na ang agresibo at nakagagalit na pagkilos sa South China Sea, nagbabala na ang anumang pag-atake sa Pilipinas ay maaaring mag-trigger ng pagsagot mula sa Estados Unidos.

Ang Pilipinas at  US ay mayroong  70-year-old defense accord, tinawag na Mutual Defense Treaty,  na nagbibigkis sa  Amerika na ipagtanggol ang  Asian ally mula sa  aggression.

“The United States reaffirms its July 13, 2020, policy regarding maritime claims in the South China Sea. We also reaffirm that an armed attack on Philippine armed forces, public vessels, or aircraft in the South China Sea would invoke US mutual defense commitments under Article IV of the 1951 US-Philippines Mutual Defense Treaty,” qayon kay Blinken sa isang kalatas.

Ang July 13, 2020 policy, tinukoy ni Blinken, ay ang   declaration of support  ni Secretary of State Mike Pompeo’ sa 2016 arbitral ruling at itinuring ang  maritime claims ng China bilang illegitimate.

“We call again on the PRC to abide by its obligations under international law and cease its provocative behavior. We will continue to work with allies and partners, as well as regional institutions like ASEAN (Association of South East Asian Nations), to protect and preserve the rules-based order,” ayon kay Blinken.

Hulyo  12, 2016, inihayag ng Permanent Court of Arbitration sa The Hague, Netherlands ang tagumpay ng Pilipinas sa kaso na isinampa nito laban sa China noong 2013 at idineklarang ilegal ang claim ng China sa buong  South China Sea.

Hindi naman kinilala ng China ang ruling. Sa katunayan ay tinawag pa ng China ang ruling na “ill-founded” at “naturally null and void” “does not recognize the legal award and insists indisputable historic rights over nearly the entire waters, which is dotted by clusters of islands, cays, shoals and reefs with rich fishing areas and natural oil and gas.”

“Six years ago, an Arbitral Tribunal constituted under the 1982 Law of the Sea Convention delivered a unanimous decision, which is final and binding on the Philippines and the PRC. In its ruling, the Tribunal firmly rejected the PRC’s expansive South China Sea maritime claims as having no basis in international law,” ayon kay Blinken.

“The Tribunal also stated that the PRC has no lawful claim to the areas determined by the Arbitral Tribunal to be part of the Philippines’ exclusive economic zone and continental shelf,” dagdag na pahayag nito.

Binigyang diin ni Blinken  na ang  US at  Indo-Pacific allies and partners nito ay  “are committed to preserving a system where goods, ideas, and people flow freely across land, sky, cyberspace, and the open seas.”

Ang nasabing system, aniya ay  “benefits all countries, big and small.”

“Preserving a free and open South China Sea governed by international law, as reflected in the 1982 Law of the Sea Convention, is part of this shared vision.”

Although not a party to the disputes, the US maintained that keeping the South China Sea — a major trade route — open and accessible is within its national interest,” ayon sa ulat.

This year, the State Department released Limits in the Seas No. 150—the latest study in a series examining coastal state maritime claims and their consistency with international law—which concluded that China’s maritime claims “remain plainly inconsistent with international law.”  ayon pa rin sa ulat. Kris Jose