Remittances tumaas ng 5% ngayong taon; PInas, kasama sa top recipients

Remittances tumaas ng 5% ngayong taon; PInas, kasama sa top recipients

December 1, 2022 @ 12:21 PM 2 months ago


MANILA, Philippines – Lumago ng 5% o $626 billion ang remittances o mga padalang pera sa mga “low- and middle-income country” ngayong taon.

“About half the expansion seen last year—and growth is expected to slow further to around 2% next year,” ayon pa sa World Bank (WB).

Ang remittances ay ang pangunahing source ng household income para sa mga taong nasa low-and-middle-income countries, tumutulong na mapagaan ang kahirapan at magkaroon ng katatagan habang pinalalakas ang birth weight ng mga sanggol at school enrollment rates para sa mga matatandang anak.

“Officially recorded remittances grew in 2022 as host economies reopened and employment rose as the COVID-19 pandemic receded, but rising prices adversely affected migrants’ real incomes, ” ayon sa World Bank sa kanilang pinakabagong Migration and Development Brief.

“It said the strong growth rate forecast for 2022 was noteworthy given that it came after a surge of 10.2% in 2021. Global remittance flows, including advanced economies, are expected to reach $794 billion in 2022,” ayon sa ulat.

“The appreciation of the Russian ruble after the start of the war in Ukraine translated into higher value, in US dollar terms, of outward remittances from Russia to Central Asia, while the weaker euro reduced the value of remittances to North Africa and elsewhere,” ayon sa World Bank.

Ang paglago sa remittances ay inaasahan na makapagpapagaan ngayong 2023 dahil sa patuloy na pagbagal ng gross domestic product growth sa mga high-income countries.

“Downside risks remain substantial, including a further deterioration in the war in Ukraine, volatile oil prices and currency exchange rates, and a deeper-than-expected downturn in major high-income countries,” ayon sa ulat.

The top five recipient countries for remittances in 2022 are expected to be India with a new benchmark of $100 billion, followed by Mexico with $60 billion, China, the Philippines, and Egypt,” ayon pa rin sa ulat.

Ang pagtaas ng presyur mula sa climate change ay inaasahan na makapagpapataas sa migration sa mga bansa at makapipinsala sa pangkabuhayan.

Bilang resulta, kailangan ng pagbabago sa international legal norms at institutional frameworks para sa cross-border migration upang makayanan ang hamon ng climate-rated migration.

“Remittance inflows to the Philippines are seen to increase by 3.6 percent in 2022 to $38 billion from $36.7 billion in 2021, “reflecting benefits of bilateral arrangements that the Filipino government forged recently with destination governments (including Saudi Arabia) to improve the treatment of Filipino workers,” the report said. The Philippines also benefits from having among the lowest remittance fees in the East Asia and Pacific region,” ayon sa ulat.

Ayon pa rin sa report, “in 2022, remittances as a share of GDP are expected to clock in at 9.5 percent.”

Sa taong 2023, inasahan na lalago ang remittance sa Pilipinas ng 2% o hanggang $39 billion. Kris Jose